is ideal for casting art works; it flows into all crevices of a mold,
thus perfectly reproducing every detail of the most delicately modeled
sculpture. It is malleable beneath the graver’s tool and admirable
for repoussé work. The Egyptians used bronze, cast and hammered,
for utensils, armor, and statuary far in advance of the Bronze Age in
Europe. The Greeks were unexcelled in bronze sculpture. The Romans took
quantities of bronze statues from Greece and made thousands themselves.
They employed bronze for doors and for furniture, utensils, and candelabra,
of which some were recovered at Pompeii and Herculaneum.
perdue - Lost wax system
perdue [Fr.=lost wax], sculptural process of metal casting that may be
used for hollow and solid casting. The sculptor makes a model in plaster
or clay that is then coated with wax. This model is then covered with
a perforated plaster or clay mold. When heated, the mold will –lose” the
wax (hence the name of the method) as it runs out of the holes in the
plaster. Molten lead is then poured into the space formerly occupied by
the wax. After the work cools, the sculptor breaks the mold, removes the
plaster core, and files or polishes the metal product. One can also make
hollow sculptures by piece-casting, which, as its name suggests, involves
the construction of a work in pieces rather than as a whole. The most
important advantage of the lost-wax method is that it eases the casting
of a sculpture with elaborate curves.
is the effect produced on the eye and its associated nerves by light waves
of different wavelength or frequency. Light transmitted from an object
to the eye stimulates the different color cones of the retina, thus making
possible perception of various colors in the object.
plan and execute the design, furnishings, and ornamentation of the interior
of (a house, church, apartment, etc.), esp. by selecting colors, fabrics,
and style of furniture, by making minor structural changes.
is the art of the draftsman. In its broadest sense it includes every use
of the delineated line and is thus basic to the arts of painting, architecture,
sculpture, calligraphy, and geometry. The word drawing is commonly used
to denote works in pen, pencil, crayon, chalk, charcoal, or similar media
in which form rather than color is emphasized. For centuries drawings
have been made either as preparatory studies or as finished works of art.
Preparatory drawings sometimes reveal a vigor and spontaneity lacking
in the completed work.
in its broadest sense is the art of cutting lines in metal, wood, or other
material either for decoration or for reproduction through printing. In
its narrowest sense, it is an intaglio printing process in which the lines
are cut in a metal plate with a graver, or burin. Furrows are cleanly
cut out, raising no burr, and then filled with ink which is transferred
under high pressure to the printing surface of the press.
specialised artist who covers the woodcarvings with gold.
- wood inlaying
or tarsia is a proper a form of wood inlaying. The term is sometimes applied
to inlays of other materials such as ivory and metal. It is differentiated
from marquetry by the basic veneering process of the latter. The term
intarsia is specifically applied to a type of inlaying probably developed
in Siena, Italy, in the 13th cent. and derived from Middle Eastern inlays
of ivory upon wood. This art was widely practiced in Italy from c.1400
to c.1600. The fashion for intarsia declined thereafter, although some
works in this medium were still produced. Intarsia work was also practiced
to a limited extent elsewhere in western Europe. Designs included pictorial
scenes and conventionalized scrolls, arabesques, and geometric forms.
artist who covers the woodcarving with paint.
direct application of pigment to a surface to produce by tones of color
or of light and dark some representation or decorative arrangement of
natural or imagined forms.
in sculpture, is a three-dimensional projection from a flat background.
In alto-relievo, or high relief, the protrusion is great; basso-relievo,
or bas-relief, protrudes only slightly; and mezzo-relievo is intermediate
between the two. Ancient Egyptians and Etruscans also used cavo relievo,
intaglio, or sunken relief, in which the design is incised deeper than
the background. High relief, although also used in ancient times, reached
its climax in the baroque period. Bas-relief is commonly employed on coins
and on medals.
conservation and restoration, the preservation of structurally sound works
of art, the halting of processes that lead to the damage of works of art,
and the repair of already damaged works of art.
who practices the art of sculpting a material like wood.
rapidly executed kind of pictorial note-taking. The sketch is not usually
intended as an autonomous work of art, although many have been considered
masterpieces in their own right. Used extensively in the planning of large,
complex projects, the sketch allows the artist to visualize quickly the
bend of a knee or the sweep of an arm without having to experiment directly
on the work itself.
is a painting method in which finely ground pigment is mixed with a solidifying
base such as albumen, fig sap, or thin glue. When used in mural painting
it is also known as fresco secco (dry fresco) to distinguish it from the
buon fresco (true fresco) applied to damp walls. The name distemper is
given to the method when a glue base is involved. When used on wood panels,
as it most frequently was for altarpieces and other easel pictures, it
was applied on a gesso underpainting that was smooth, very white and brilliant.
Tempera's particular advantage is that clear, pure colors are produced,
which are not so subject to oxidation as are oils. However, tempera does
not lend itself to the expression of nuances of color and atmosphere.
art of woodcarving
carving, as an art form, includes any kind of sculpture in wood, from
the decorative bas-relief on small objects to life-size figures in the
round, furniture, and architectural decorations.
The woods used vary greatly in hardness and grain. The most commonly employed woods include boxwood, pine, pear, walnut, willow, oak, and ebony. The tools are simple gouges, chisels, wooden mallets, and pointed instruments. Although they were universally one of the earliest art media, wood carvings have withstood poorly the vicissitudes of time and climate.
painting, in its wider sense, refers to all pigments mixed with water
rather than with oil and also to the paintings produced by this process;
it includes fresco and tempera as well as aquarelle, the process now commonly
meant by the generic term. Gouache and distemper are also watercolors,
although they are prepared with a more gluey base than the other forms.
Long before oil was used in the preparation of pigment, watercolor painting
had achieved a high form of sophistication.
the art or technique of carving objects by hand from wood or of carving
decorations into wood.
2. something made or decorated in such a manner.
HOW DO YOU TRANSLATE WOODCARVING / WOODCARVINGS IN OTHER LANGUAGES?
Woodcarving / Woodcarvings
deu - Holzschnitzerei / Holzschnitzereien
ita - Scultura in Legno / Sculture in Legno
esp - Escultura de Madera / Esculturas de Madera
fra - Sculptures en Bois / Sculpture en Bois
pol - Rzezba / Rzezby
lit - medzio skulptura / medzio skulpturos
please write to us and help us to add some other languages! Thank you!
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TRADEMARK OF THE WOODEN SCULPTURE
The trademark for wooden sculptures produced exclusively and entirely by hand.
In order to protect the sculptors of woodcarvings, which are exclusively produced by hand, the Chamber of Commerce of Bolzano has decided to certify the genuineness of this procedure. This certification is made in two successive stages: a trademark, duly registered, is attached to the object, and a certificate is issued declaring that it is entirely and exclusively hand-made.
which must be claimed, consists of a metal disc, bearing the inscription “ENTIRELY
The application of the trademark is done by an expert chosen by the Chamber of Commerce of Bolzano. After the work has been completed and carefully examined, the expert issues the certificate, which is an official document of the Chamber of Commerce, numbered progressively and containing all the information necessary for the unmistakable identification of the woodcarving.
Since its founding, the Art Studio has maintained a mission to preserve the beauty and vitality of the sculpted works.
Our long tradition has great value and is at the base of the work we still carry out: the past helps us to avoid mistakes. We are also sure that the given references give you trust.
The Art Studio gives you a guarantee of 5 years in case of natural decay (examples: color damage or clefts in the material). We do not cover theft, fire, or mistreatment.
The Art Studio has been working with hundreds of Churches in every part of the World. It wants to satisfy the special needs Churches can have. We don’t just offer you flexibility from us and our collaborators: we also offer you flexibility of payment. You can gladly buy on installments with 0% interest rate.
All our collaborators have a professional diploma in addition to their years of experience. Additionally the Customer has the advantage to be assisted and advised in technical terminology in three languages: English, Italian and German.
If you had more confidence in another studio or woodcarver, we can’t stop you: the trust in the Artist is one of the most important pieces in the Art mosaic.
Like the quality, the Price also has its explanations. Guaranteeing an incontestable quality and the use of first class material, our Price can in some cases overstep the competitor’s Price. If the competitors give you the same warranty and inspires you the same trust at a cheaper Price, we don’t want to oppose. Don’t forget that the Price reflects the value of the work, which increases year for year.
Don’t take us into consideration, if we weren’t able to be in syntony with your wishes or to satisfy your needs.
THE ART OF WOODCARVING IN VAL GARDENA
In the Dolomites,
not far from the Brenner Pass in Northern Italy, lies the Gardena
Valley. Its inhabitants are Ladin speakers, and, apart from the surpassing
beauty of the surroundings and its unique regional and linguistic characteristics,
this valley has a 300-year-old tradition in the art of woodcarving.
Because of the rough climate the soil of the valley yielded its inhabitants a scanty livelihood, and so, the for the most part numerous families saw themselves in need of other sources of support. Woodcarvers have been at work in the valley since the fifteenth century.
Forests surround the valley and its stone pines provide the carvers with their principal material. From scarcely inch-high figures to statues larger than life-size, all come easily to the practiced hand of the Gardena carver, whose heartfelt fervor and conviction bears witness to deep religious feeling.
which are entirely and exclusively hand-carved are classified, get the trademark
for wooden sculptures produced exclusively and entirely by hand by
the experts of the Chamber of Commerce of Bolzano (Italy), which guarantees
the authenticity of the creations.
This trademark also informs customers about the authenticity of the work and about the difference between unique creations and industrial wooden figures, which are mass-produced on a pantograph milling machine.
CUSTOM MADE (HAND-MADE) VS. PRODUCED ON PANTOGRAPH
Recognize the difference between unique creations and products from the pantograph
To see the difference
doesn’t seem to be too hard– but in fact it is. Nowadays, through
advanced technology, it is hard for people who don’t know the first
thing about it. It is difficult to judge if a sculpture is entirely
hand-carved (so it is unique) or produced on a pantograph milling
machine (there are plenty of identical ones).
Firms or shops should always give their customers advice on how a sculpture is carved. Dear Customer, always remember to ascertain the origin of the woodcarving; e.g. the used method (hand or machine) and ask for the certificate in case you bought a sculpture exclusively carved by hand.
Ours is a creation, not a production of woodcarvings.
We hope that this list of references can additionally raise the trust in us. The Studio has realised several works, such as Altars, Statues and more also in:
Miami (United States of America),
Natal (South Africa),
Olomouc (Czech Republic),
Church Size Statues and Altars
More Photos (click on photo to enlarge):
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Suite 130 - PMB 501
League City, Texas 77573-2733
Phone: 281-538-7360 or 1-888-778-5442
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